Peer-Reviewed Publications based on work done in the Graham Clinical Performance Center:


  1. Yudkowsky R, Park YS, Hyderi A, Bordage G: Characteristics and Implications of Diagnostic Justification Scores Based on the New Patient Note Format of the USMLE Step 2 CS Exam.  Academic Medicine 2015; 90:S56-S62. 
  2. Luciano C, Van Meter A, Matulyauskas M, Kania P, Banerjee P, Yudkowsky R: Haptic augmented reality lumbar puncture simulator: pilot evaluation.  (Abstract) Simulation in Healthcare 2015; 10:473.  First place award, Technology Innovation abstract. 
  3. Yudkowsky R, Tumuluru S, Casey P, Herlich N, Ledonne C: A Patient Safety Approach to Setting Pass/Fail Standards for Basic Procedural Skills Checklists.  Simulation in Healthcare 2014; 9(5):277-82. 
  4. Yudkowsky R, Park YS, Riddle J, Palladino C, Bordage G: Limiting Checklist Items to Clinically-Discriminating Items:  Improved Validity of Test Scores.  Academic Medicine, 2014; 89(7):1057-62. 
  5. Hernandez C, Mermelstein R, Robinson JK, Yudkowsky R: Assessing students’ ability to detect melanomas using standardized patients and moulage.  J Am Acad Dermatol 2013; 68(3):e83-88.  Epub 2011 Dec 23. 
  6. Park YS, Lineberry M, Hyderi A, Bordage G, Riddle J, Yudkowsky R: Validity evidence for a patient note scoring rubric based on the new patient note format of the United States Medical Licensing Examination. Academic Medicine 2013; 88(10):1552-7. 
  7. Schwartz A, Weiner S, Binns-Calvey A: Comparing Announced with Unannounced Standardized Patients in Performance Assessment. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety. 2013; 39(2): 83-88. 
  8. Gangopadhyaya A, Kamin C, Kiser R, Shadrake L, Yudkowsky R: Assessing Residents’ Interprofessional Conflict Negotiations Skills.  Medical Education 2013; 47:1139-1140. 
  9. Yudkowsky R, Park YS, Riddle J, Palladino C, Bordage G: Comparing the Validity of Clinically Discriminating vs Traditional “Thoroughness” Checklists. (Abstract)  Simulation in Healthcare 2013; 8(3): 196. 
  10. Yudkowsky R, Luciano C, Banerjee P, Schwartz A, Alaraj A, Lemole M, Charbel F, Smith K, Rizzi S, Byrne R, Bendok B, Frim D: Practice on an Augmented Reality/Haptic Simulator and Library of Virtual Brains Improves Residents’ Ability to Perform a Ventriculostomy.  Simulation in Healthcare 2012; 8(1):25-31. 
  11. Weiner SJ, Schwartz A, Cyrus K, Binns-Calvey A, Weaver F, Sharma G, Yudkowsky R. Unannounced Standardize Patient Assessment of the Roter Interaction Analysis System: The Challenge of Measuring Patient-Centered Communication. Journal of General Internal Medicine. DOI: 10.1007/s11606-012-2221-3 Published online 19 Sept 2012. 
  12. Binns-Calvey AE, Rush N, Hansen A, Soto K, Yudkowsky R: Improving Ambulatory Services Using Unannounced Standardized Patients. Simulation in Healthcare 2012; 7(3):203. 
  13. Schwartz A, Weiner SJ, Weaver F, Yudkowsky R, Sharma G, Benns-Calvey A, Preyss B, Jordan N: Uncharted Territory: Measuring Costs of Diagnostic Errors Outside the Medical Record. BMJ Quality & Safety 7 July 2012; doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2012-000832. 
  14. Yudkowsky R, Riddle J, Feinzimer B, Kondos G, Bordage G: Learning to Listen: A Guide to Simulator-Assisted Practice in Recognizing and Interpreting Abnormal Physical Exam Findings. Simulation in Healthcare 2011; 6(6):455. 
  15. Yudkowsky R, Luciano C, Banerjee P, Alaraj A, Lemole M, Schwartz A, Charbel F, Smith K, Rizzi S: Ventriculostomy Practice on a Library of Virtual Brains Using a VR/Haptic Simulator Improves Simulator and Surgical Outcomes. Simulation in Healthcare, 2011; 6(6):395. 
  16. Yudkowsky R, Valdes W, Raja S, Kiser R: Assessing residents’ telehealth communication skills using standardized patients.  Medical Education 2011; 45:1155. 
  17. Binns-Calvey A, Yudkowsky R, Weiner S, Dolley F, Brown J, Schwartz A: Assessing Unannounced Standardized Patients’ Accuracy in Real Practice Compared with SP Accuracy in a Clinical Performance Center (Abstract).  Simulation in Healthcare 2011; 6(3):191. 
  18. Yudkowsky R, Luciano C, Banerjee P, Alaraj A, Lemole M, Schwartz A, Charbel F, Mlinarevich N, Smith K, Gandhi S, Rizzi S: A library of virtual brains for ventriculostomy practice on a VR/haptic simulator – initial validity evidence.  Simulation in Healthcare 2010; 5:436. 
  19. Yudkowsky R, Galanter W, Jackson R: Students Overlook Information in the Electronic Health Record.  Med Educ 2010; 1132-1133. 
  20. Schwartz A, Weiner SJ, Harris IB, Binns-Calvey A: An educational intervention for contextualizing patient care and medical students’ abilities to probe for contextual issues in simulated patients. JAMA 2010; 304(11): 1191-1197. 
  21. Weiner SJ, Schwartz A, Weaver FM, Goldberg JH, Yudkowsky R, Sharma G, Binns-Calvey A, Preyss B, Schapira M, Persell S, Jacobs E, Abrams R.: Contextual Errors and Failures in Individualizing Patient Care: A Multicenter Study. Annals of Internal Medicine 2010; 153(2), 69-75. 
  22. Schwartz, A., Weiner, S.J. Unannounced Standardized Patients: A Gold Standard for the Research and Practice of Clinical Performance Assessment. Background paper for the 14th Ottawa Conference on the Assessment of Competence in Medicine and the Healthcare Professions 2009. 
  23. Lowenstein T, Lockwood E, Yudkowsky R: Training Deaf Persons to be Standardized Patients.  Med Educ 2009; 43(11):1098-9. 
  24. Yudkowsky R, Lowenstein T, Riddle J, Otaki J, Nishigori  RH, Bordage G: A Hypothesis-Driven Physical Exam for Medical Students:  Initial Validity Evidence.  Med Educ 2009; 43:729-740. 
  25. Iramaneerat C, Myford CM, Yudkowsky R, Lowenstein T: Evaluating the effectiveness of rating instruments for a communication skills assessment of medical residents.  Advances in Health Sciences Education 2009; 14:575-594. 
  26. Yudkowsky R, Downing SM, Popescu M:  Setting Standards for Performance Tests: A Three-level Angoff Method.  Acad Med 2008; 83(Suppl 10): S13-S16. 
  27. Yudkowsky R, Downing SM, Wirth S: Simpler Standards for Local Performance Examinations: The Yes/No Angoff and Whole-test Ebel.  Teaching and Learning in Medicine 2008; 20(3):212-217. 
  28. Iramaneerat C, Yudkowsky R: Rater Errors in a Clinical Skills Assessment of Medical Students.  Evaluation & the Health Professions 2007; 30(3):266-283. 
  29. Weiner SJ, Schwartz A, Yudkowsky R, Schiff GD, Weaver FM, Goldberg J, Weiss KB: Evaluating Physician Performance at Individualizing Care: A Pilot Study Tracking Contextual Errors in Medical Decision Making.  Medical Decision Making 2007; 27(6): 726-734. 
  30. Iramaneerat C, Yudkowsky R, Myford CM, Downing S: Quality Control of an OSCE Using Generalizability Theory and Many-Faceted Rasch Measurement. Advances in Health Sciences Education 2008, 13(4):479 – 493.  (Published online 20 Feb 2007).  DOI10.1007/s10459-007-9060-8 
  31. Banerjee P, Yudkowsky R, Lemole M, Charbel F, Luciano C: Using a High-Fidelity Virtual Reality and Haptics-based Simulation to Determine the “Learning Curve” of Neurosurgery Residents’ Surgical Skills. Simulation in Healthcare, 2007; 2:145. 
  32. Yudkowsky R, Downing SM, Sandlow LJ: Developing an Institution-based Assessment of Resident Communication and Interpersonal Skills. Acad Med, 2006: 81: 1115-1122. 
  33. Yudkowsky R, Bordage G, Lowenstein T, Riddle J: Residents Anticipating, Eliciting, and Interpreting Physical Findings. Medical Education, 2006, 40:1141-42. 
  34. Yudkowsky R, Downing SM, Ommert D: Prior Experiences Associated with Residents’ Scores on a Communication and Interpersonal Skill OSCE.  Patient Education and Counseling, 2006; 62:368-373. 
  35. Downing S, Tekian A, Yudkowsky R: Procedures for Establishing Defensible Absolute Passing Scores on Performance Examinations in Health Professions Education. Teaching and Learning in Medicine 2006; 18(1):50-57. 
  36. Yudkowsky R, Loy G, York J:  Ensuring Medical Student Competency in Basic Procedural Skills. Medical Education 2005; 39:515. 
  37. Hasnain M, Connell K, Downing SM, Olthoff A, Yudkowsky R: Toward Meaningful Evaluation of Clinical Competence: The Role of Direct Observation in Clerkship Ratings. Acad Med 2004;79 S21-S24. 
  38. Yudkowsky R, Downing S, Klamen D, Valaski M, Eulenberg B, Popa M: Assessing the Head-To-Toe Physical Examinations Skills of Medical Students.  Medical Teacher 2004, 26(5):415-419. 
  39. Yudkowsky R, Downing S: Standard Setting for Communication and Interpersonal Skills. Educacion Medica 2004: 7(3)182. 
  40. Yudkowsky R, Alseidi A, Cintron J: Beyond Fulfilling the Core Competencies: an Objective Structured Clinical Examination to Assess Communication and Interpersonal Skills in a Surgical Residency. Current Surgery 2004; 61(5):499-503. 
  41. Schwartz A, Hupert J: Medical students’ application of literature findings to a standardized patient: randomised trial. BMJ 2003; 326, 536-538. 
  42. Gelula M, Yudkowsky R: Using Standardized Students in Faculty Development Workshops to Improve Clinical Teaching Skills. Medical Education 2003; 37:621-629. 
  43. Gelula M, Yudkowsky R: Microteaching and Standardized Students Support Faculty Development for Clinical Teaching. Academic Medicine 2002; 77(9):941. 
  44. Yudkowsky, R: Should We Use Standardized Patients for High Stakes Examinations in Psychiatry? Academic Psychiatry 2002; 26(3): 187-192. 
  45. Klamen D, Yudkowsky R: Using Standardized Patients for Formative Feedback in an Introduction to Psychotherapy Course. Academic Psychiatry 2002; 26(3):168-172.