The GEMS program focuses on the development of critical skills and multi-disciplinary knowledge for all of its students. Such an educational foundation seeks to enable students to engage in decisive research in specialized areas in the biomedical sciences. Training in more focused areas is organized through six research concentrations within the GEMS programs.

The six research concentrations include four that draw from diverse topics of research and are divided based on the scale that researchers address scientific inquiry: from the atomic and molecular level (Molecular Genetics and Biology) to the basic biological unit of the cell (Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine) to tissues and organ systems (Integrative and Translational Physiology) to interactions between organisms and microbes (Microbiology, Immunity, and Inflammation). Two of the research concentrations focus on specific areas of biomedical research (Cancer Biology and Neurobiology), and they encompass research from a variety of the scales represented in the other four research concentrations. Each research concentration has its own curriculum that builds upon the core GEMS courses and provides students an avenue to gain high level of expertise within the chosen research concentration.