SCOPE logo: Scleral Lenses in Current Ophthalmic Practice Evaluation

SCOPE (Scleral Lenses in Current Ophthalmic Practice: an Evaluation) is a multi-center, collaborative research group  studying ocular disorders.  The group, established in 2014, comprises national experts in ocular surface disease.  The goal of our collaboration is to spearhead clinical research in scleral lenses, and to engage clinicians and scientists on a global scale.

IRB approval has been obtained at University of Illinois in collaboration with members of SCOPE Study Group.  Donations will be used to fund a cross institutional study on ocular disorders including corneal and dry eye disease.

Please consider making a donation for future research.  Any amount would help, thank you!

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SCOPE Partner Organizations

Illinois College of OptometryKorb and Associates
Mayo ClinicOSU Optometry

Executive Summary

The SCOPE (Scleral Lenses in Current Ophthalmic Practice Evaluation) study group was established in 2014 under the auspices of the American Academy of Optometry Fellows Doing Research Special Interest Group.   The group comprises national experts in the clinical fitting of scleral lenses who also have academic research interests. Because scleral lenses have only recently become part of mainstream clinical practice, there are significant gaps in our understanding of practice patterns, fitting philosophies and the biological effects of these devices. The goal of our collaboration is to spearhead clinical research in scleral lenses, and to engage clinicians and basic scientists on a global scale. Included in our mission the dissemination of our findings to clinician, industry and patient stakeholders.

The Executive Committee members are: Jennifer Fogt, Jennifer Harthan, Amy Nau, Cherie Nau, Muriel Schornack and Ellen Shorter. We engage with a vetted network of other experienced scleral fitters interested in assisting with clinical and research projects on an ad hoc basis.

Summary of Past Research Activities

  • SCOPE 1: An IRB approved, internet-based, 19 question survey was administered via email to 4,633 eye care providers. A total of 989 responses were collected representing a total of 84,735 patients. The survey was administered and analyzed by the Mayo Clinic Survey Research Center. Numerous posters and papers have been presented using data collected from this survey. Four manuscripts have been published in peer-reviewed journals (3 in Eye and Contact Lens and one in Journal of Contact Lens Research and Science) and a summary of results was published in Contact Lens Spectrum.
  • SCOPE 2: An IRB approved, internet based, detailed practitioner survey regarding one patient experience that has been fit with scleral lenses in the past 6 months was administered via e-mail to 3,431 eye care providers. The SCOPE study team designed and administered the survey using REDCap. A total of 292 responses were collected representing 734 patient years of lens wear. Data have been presented in a number of posters. One manuscript has been published in Contact Lens and Anterior Eye.
  • SCOPE 3: An IRB approved, patient-centric study enrolling keratoconus patients that was administered with the assistance of the National Keratoconus Foundation. A link to the survey was placed on the National Keratoconus Foundation website. The SCOPE study team designed and administered the survey using REDCap. A total of 425 responses were received. Data have been presented in a number of posters.
  • SCOPE 4: An IRB approved survey of scleral lens fitting practices administered at the Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas NV, January 2016. The SCOPE study team designed and administered the survey using REDCap. A total of 95 responses were received. Data have been presented in a number of posters. One manuscript has been published in Contact Lens and Anterior Eye.
  • SCOPE 5:  An IRB approved, patient-centric study enrolling patients with ocular surface disease that was administered with the help of several foundations that serve patients with severe ocular surface disease arising from a number of conditions. The SCOPE study team designed and administered the survey using REDCap. Data collection is complete.
  • SCOPE IOP Study:  A clinical study evaluating the impact of scleral lens wear on intraocular pressure. Data collection is complete.
  • SCOPE 2020:  An IRB approved practitioner survey to assess current fitting practices, with attention given to changes in practice since the original survey was presented five years ago. Data collection is complete.

Manuscripts

Schornack MM, Fogt J, Harthan J, Nau CB, Nau A, Cao D, Shorter E. Factors associated with patient-reported midday fogging in established scleral lens wearers. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2020 Mar 20.

Harthan J, Shorter E, Nau C, Nau A, Schornack M, Zhuang X, Fogt J. Scleral lens fitting and assessment strategies. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2018 Oct 31. pii: S1367-0484(18)30851-8. doi: 10.1016/j.clae.2018.10.020.

Schornack M, Nau C, Nau A, Harthan J, Fogt J, Shorter E. Visual and physiological outcomes of scleral lens wear. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2018 Aug 8. Pii: S1367-0484 doi: 10.1016/j.clae.2018.07/007.

Shorter, E., J. Harthan, C. B. Nau, A. Nau, J. T. Barr, D. O. Hodge and M. M. Schornack (2017). Scleral Lenses in the Management of Corneal Irregularity and Ocular Surface Disease. Eye Contact Lens. 2017 Sep 29. Doi: 10.1097/ICL.00000000000000436

Schornack M, Nau CB, Harthan J, Shorter E, Barr J, Nau A, Chimato, NT, Hodge DO. Demographic Characteristics and Prescribing Patterns of Scleral Lens Fitters: The SCOPE Study. Eye Contact Lens. 2017 Jun 14. doi: 10.1097/ICL.0000000000000399

Harthan J, Nau CB, Barr J, Nau A, Shorter E, Chimato NT, Hodge DO, Schornack MM. Scleral Lens Prescription and Management Practices: The SCOPE Study. Eye Contact Lens. 2017 Apr 6. doi: 10.1097/ICL.0000000000000387

Schornack M. Adverse Events Associated with Scleral Lens Wear. (Published as part of proceedings of the International Forum for Scleral Lens Research). Journal of Contact Lens Research and Science. 2018 Jun 13. doi: 10.22374/jclrs.v2

Non-peer-reviewed publications

Schornack, M. The SCOPE Study: An Overview. Contact Lens Spectrum, December 2017.

Invited Lectures

Jennifer Harthan, Amy Nau, Muriel Schornack, Ellen Shorter- Rapid Fire: Scleral Lens Practices- the SCOPE Studies, American Academy of Optometry, Chicago, IL. October 2017.

Amy Nau. What We Don’t Know About Scleral Lenses, European Vision Association of Eye Research. Nice, France. September 2017

Amy Nau. Scleral Lens Practices: The SCOPE Studies, European Vision Association of Eye Research. Nice, France. September 2017

Cherie Nau. Keratoconus. The SCOPE Studies, European Vision Association of Eye Research. Nice, France. September 2017

Muriel Schornack. Update on SCOPE Studies. Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas NV, January 2017

Muriel Schornack. Update on Scleral Lenses: Review of the SCOPE Study. GPLI Webinar, November 2017Muriel Schornack. Summary of SCOPE results. Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas NV, January 2016.

Posters

Fogt JS, Harthan J, Nau A, Shorter E, Schornack M, Nau CB. Effect of Short-term Scleral Lens Wear of Small and Large Diameter on Intraocular Pressure. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2020;61: ARVO E-Abstract 1480.

Schornack M, Nau A, Harthan J, Shorter E, Nau C, Fogt JS. Visual and Physiological Outcomes of Impression-Based Scleral Lens Wear. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2020;61 ARVO E-Abstract 1476.

Nau CB, Fogt JS, Harthan J, Nau A, Shorter E, Schornack M. Intraocular Pressure During Scleral Lens Wear Using Pneumatonometry. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2020;61: ARVO E-Abstract 4766.

Harthan, J, Schornack M, Nau A, Shorter E, Nau C, Fogt JS. IOP Measurements in the Peripheral Eye. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2020;61 ARVO.

Nau A, Fogt JS, Harthan J, Nau CB, Shorter E, Schornack M. Fitting Efficiency of Impression-Based Scleral Lenses. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2020;61: ARVO E-Abstract 1481..

Schornack M, Harthan J, Nau C, Nau A, Fogt JS, Shorter E. Multi-Center Study of Impression-Based Scleral Lenses: Indications and Previous Contact Lens Experience. Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas NV, January 2020.

Harthan J, Shorter E, Fogt J, Schornack M, Nau C, Nau A. Optometric educators’ guidelines for fitting scleral lenses. Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas NV, January 2020.

Shorter E, Nau C, Nau A, Fogt J, Schornack M, Harthan J. Scleral Lens Curricula in Optometric Education. Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas NV, January 2020.

Fogt JS, Nau A, Schornack M, Nau C, Harthan J, Shorter E. Survey of Health care Utilization and Disease Information Sourcing in a Self-Reported Dry Eye Population. Optom Vis Sci 2019; 96; E-abstract.

Schornack M, Harthan J, Nau C, Nau A, Cao D, Shorter E, Fogt JS. Clinical Associations with Subjective Complaints of Mid-Day Fogging with Scleral Lenses. Optom Vis Sci 2019; 96; E-abstract.

Shorter E, Fogt JS, Harthan J, Nau A, Schornack M, Nau C. OSDI and Contact Lens Use in Individuals with Self-Reported Dry Eye Disease. Optom Vis Sci 2019; 96; E-abstract.

Nau CB, Shorter E, Nau A, Fogt JS, Schornack M, Harthan J. Scleral lens reservoir densitometry changes in small and large diameter lenses after one hour of wear. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2019;60:ARVO E-Abstract 6372.

Schornack M, Nau C, Nau A, Harthan J, Fogt JS, Shorter E. Patient-Reported Mid-Day Fogging with Scleral Lens Wear. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2019;60:ARVO E-Abstract 6375.

Schornack M, Fogt JS, Nau C, Harthan JS, Nau A, Shorter E. Patient Experience with Scleral Lens Wear: MidDay Fogging. Optom Vis Sci 2018; 95; E-abstract .

Nau C, Schornack M, Nau A, Fogt JS, Harthan JS, Shorter E. Surgical Impact on Finances and Visual Satisfaction in Keratoconus Patients. Optom Vis Sci 2018; 95; E-abstract .

Jennifer S. Harthan, Cherie B. Nau, Muriel Schornack, Jennifer Swingle Fogt, May Nau, Ellen Shorter. Visual Outcomes with Scleral Lenses: a SCOPE Study. ARVO #1760-B0075, Honolulu, HI, May 2018

Shorter E, Harthan J, Nau A, Fogt JS, Schornack M, Cao D, Nau CB. SCOPE Study: Comparing severity of dry eye symptoms in keratoconus patients using corneal gas permeable lenses versus scleral lenses. ARVO #1775-B0090, Honolulu, HI, May 2018.

Nau C, Schornack M, Harthan JS, Nau A, Fogt JS, Cao D, Shorter E. Experience of keratoconus patients wearing RGP or scleral lenses: A SCOPE Study. ARVO#1778-B0093, Honolulu, HI, May 2018

Jennifer Fogt. Scleral lens Fitting Strategies of Practitioners with Various Levels of Experience. Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas NV, January 2018.

Nau C, Harthan J, Nau A, Fogt J, Schornack M, Shorter E. Scleral Lens Experience in Patients with Keratoconus (SCOPE study). Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas NV, January 2018.

Schornack M, Nau C, Fogt J, Nau A, Harthan J, Shorter E. Patient Experience with Scleral Lenses: Wearing Schedule and Care Regimen. Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas, NV, January 2018.

Fogt JS, Shorter E, Nau C, Nau A, Schornack M, Barr J, Harthan J. Scleral Lenses in Current Ophthalmic Practice Evaluation: Fitting Strategies Among Scleral Lens Practitioners. American Academy of Optometry, Chicago, IL, October 2017.

Shorter E, Nau C, Harthan J, Nau A, Fogt J, Barr J, Schornack M. Patient-Reported Experience with Keratoconus. American Academy of Optometry, Chicago, IL, October 2017.

Schornack M, Harthan J, Nau C, Fogt JS, Nau A, Barr J, Shorter E. Scleral Lenses in Current Ophthalmic Practice Evaluation: Patient Demographics, Indications, and Lens Design. American Academy of Optometry, Chicago, IL, October 2017

Nau C, Harthan J, Shorter E, Barr J, Nau A, Schornack M. SCOPE Study: Demographics of Scleral Lens Fitters. Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas NV, January 2016.

Harthan JS, Shorter E, Barr J, Nau A, Nau C, Schornack M. SCOPE Study: Scleral Lens Fitting Trends Among Practitioners. J Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas NV, January 2016.

Nau A, Nau C, Shorter E, Harthan J, Barr J, Schornack M. The SCOPE Survey: Indications for Scleral Lens Wear. Global Specialty Lens Symposium, Las Vegas NV, January 2016

Shorter E, Harthan J, Nau C, Nau A, Barr J, Schornack, M. The Role of Scleral Lenses in the Treatment of Corneal Irregularity and Ocular Surface Disease. Presentation number 1475-A0155. ARVO, Seattle WA, May 2016.